What is the origin of the word "Government"?

What does it mean?

  • February 21, 2005
  • Harry Tulugak


The Greek verb kubernân1 (to steer a ship or a car) was used for the first time as a metaphore by Plato to refer to the act of governing people.

That gave birth to the latin gubernare which took on the same signification, and by means of its derivatives generated a number of terms. One of these derivatives gubernantia by itself generated these terms in several different languages:

-French: gouverner, gouvernement, gouvernance, etc.
-English: govern, government, governance, etc.
-Spanish: gobernar, gobierno, gobernanza, etc.
-Portuguese: governar, governo, governação, governança, etc.
-Italian: governare, governo, governamento, etc.
(translated from French)

  • February 20, 2006
  • Naarjuak

JBNQA...How serious or how strong are the Inuit right in the agreement when it was signed? In Umiujaq area, we're in our early stages of creating a park, I heard that the federal had interests in this region and was going to ban Inuit from hunting overriding the hunting rights in that 1975 signing of the agreement. Please let me know if we're safe from losing our hunting rights, because I always thought that we'd never loose our hunting rights from my understanding of the JBNQA

  • May 22, 2006
  • Alec Niviaxie

«Hi Alec and thank you for your very interesting question.»

The Inuit aboriginal rights that we find in the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement are constitutionnally protected and are the strongest rights you can find in the Canadian Legal System. Not even a Federal Act adopted by the House of Commons or a provincial Act passed by the National Assembly of Quebec could alter or impact your rights without specific consent to that effect from Makivik Corporation.

It's not the Federal Governement but Quebec Government that is interested in developing a national park in the Umiujaq area. Peter Tookalook from your community is presently working very hard on this for the Kativik Regional Government. Because your hunting and fishing rights confirmed in the JBNQA are constitutionnaly protected and because the provincial Parks Act reiterates this protection, the creation of a park in your neighborhood will not alter or interfere with your exercise of your rights.


  • May 27, 2006
  • Jean-François Arteau

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