A New Round of Negotiations

The Quebec Government had held hearings at the National Assembly in
1983, whereby in response to various presentations at the Commission,
then Premier René Lévesque invited the Inuit of Nunavik to come
together to develop and submit proposals for new self-government
arrangements for their region.

The institutions in Nunavik, after having concluded that the region's decision-making powers were too fragmented, began to pursue negotiations for the creation of a Nunavik Government. While they handled the negotiations, the process was hindered by the complexity of the multiple institutions involved in the process. Another approach was then pursued, led by a group of individuals mandated directly by the people through a referendum. Within two years six people were elected to develop a draft constitution for a Nunavik Government, a group which became known as the Nunavik Constitutional Committee (NCC).

For the next two years, the NCC consulted the people and carefully developed provisions for Nunavik's draft constitution. The draft constitution and the extension of NCC's mandate were formally approved by the people of Nunavik in a second referendum held in 1991.

Shortly after this referendum, the NCC entered into low-key negotiations with Quebec on the creation of Nunavik Assembly and Government. Although these negotiations made some progress, they were interrupted by political discussions surrounding the Charlottetown Accord and efforts to reform the Canadian Constitution. The NCC had to wait until the spring of 1994 before Quebec was ready to resume the Nunavik negotiations. Quebec appeared to be especially serious about the process, and appointed a negotiator. Overtures were made to the federal government, and soon tripartite negotiations were underway.

There was some further progress during these particular negotiations, unfortunately, and despite the considerable process that had been realized in these negotiations, the negotiation process was sidetracked by the events surrounding the 1995 Quebec referendum on sovereignty. The interest in keeping negotiations moving forward dissipated and the project was left in limbo. But not for too long.

  • January 19, 2005
  • Nunavik newsletter

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Here, you will find the most up to date information (news articles). There are also sections providing historical background, documents about the negotiation, photos, video clips and a glossary of important words.

The Nunavik negotiating team